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  Home > Facts about Serbia > Facts > Transportation


Serbia covers 48,423 km, with about 18,000 km of primary roads (380 km motorways & 165 km of secondary highways) and 30,000 km of local roads.

The current value of the existing road network is estimated at US$17.5 billion.

Network density is 43.9 km/100 kmē

40% of main roads and 60% of local roads are currently bearing less than full capacity. The Road Construction Sector employs about 23,000 workers

Developed OECD countries spend between US$ 15,000 & 45,000 per 1 km of road for maintenance, Serbia US$570 (26 times less)


For urgent renovations US$5 billion is required, and another US$ 1.7 billion to complete the current highway construction programs.


12,000 Vehicles, of which 2,544 intercity buses, 7,261 trucks and 1,385 trailers. 59% of buses and 37% of trucks do not meet EU technical standards

Traffic volume in 2000 relative to 1990 is significantly lower


Total Railway track length is 3,808 km, of which 3,533 km single-track and 275 km double-track.

  1. Belgrade-Resnik-Nis  246 km
  2. Belgrade-Majdanpek-Bor-Vrazogrnac  300
  3. Lapovo-Kraljevo-Djeneral Jankovic border  372
  4. Nis-Kursumlija-Kosovo Polje-Pec  284
  5. Belgrade-Novi Sad-Subotica border  200
  6. Belgrade-Zrenjanin-Kikinda border  210

Railway Transport Enterprise carries out maintenance of:

  • 968 bridges - with a total length of 41 km
  • 4,336 culverts
  • 323 tunnels - with a total length of 130 km

Power supply:

  • 1,196 km (31%) of tracks electric
  • Traction Substations and Overhead Contact Wires are more than 30 years old.
  • 50% of railway stations are equipped with signaling-safety devices manufactured by Simens over 30 years ago
  • Telecommunication equipment at a very rudimentary level.



588 km of the International River Danube, the category awarded as per Danube Commission rules, represents the most secure and safest navigable route throughout the year.


164 km of inter-state navigable passage on the river Tisa, with the network of the domestic channel Danube - Tisa - Danube totaling 600 km, with the potential to become an International Navigable route of satisfactory level for use by all Danube basin countries


207 km of the river Sava with a good potential to gain the status of International Navigable route, and of sufficient level category to develop mutual interests of the countries through which the river transits (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina (The Republic of Srpska) and Serbia)

Velika Morava

River Morava of significant length with long term planning underway to link the Danube to the Aegean Sea at Thessalonica.

Significant advantages and a relatively well developed network of internal navigable routes as well as pier and port capacities and facilities in the Republic of Serbia constitute a good infrastructure base for further development. These plans are compatible with the defined policies of the EU concerning the transfer of part of transport sector to river and integral transport.


There are two airports in Serbia; Belgrade & Nis

  • Airport in Nis is destroyed - Project of reconstruction has been prepared
  • Belgrade Airport - Favorable location
  • Modernization plan has been prepared.
  • JAT - National Air Carrier
  • Fleet of 30 Aircraft - 19 Aircraft in use.


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