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I Basic Provisions


Article 1

    The Republic of Serbia is a democratic State of all citizens living within it, founded upon the freedoms and rights of man and citizen, the rule of law, and social justice.

Article 2

     Sovereignty is vested in all the citizens of the Repub1ic of Serbia.

     Citizens shall exercise their sovereignty through a referendum, people's initiative, and their freely elected representatives,

     * The text of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia is published in the "Sluzbeni glasnik Republike Srbije", number 1/1990.

Article 3

     In the Republic of Serbia everything shall be permitted unless it has been prohibited by the Constitution and law.

     Guaranteed and recognized by the Constitution are the individual, political, national, economic, social, cultural, and other rights of man and citizen.

Article 4

     The territory of the Republic of Serbia is a single whole, no part of which may be alienated.

     Any change in the boundaries of the Republic of Serbia shall be decided upon by the citizens in a referendum.

Article 5

     The Republic of Serbia has a coat of arms, a flag, and a national anthem.

     The coat of arms, the flag, and the national anthem shall be determined under the procedure provided for amending the Constitution.

     The capital city of the Republic of Serbia is Belgrade.

Article 6

     The Republic of Serbia includes the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohia, these being the forms of territorial autonomy.

Article 7

     The municipality is a territorial unit in which local self-government is exercised.

     The City of Belgrade is a separate territorial entity. The territorial organization of the Republic of Serbia is regulated by law.

Article 8

     In the Republic of Serbia the Serbo-Croatian language and the Cyrillic alphabet shall be officially used, while the Latinic alphabet shall be officially used in the manner established by law.

     In the regions of the Republic of Serbia inhabited by national minorities, their own languages and alphabets shall be officially used as well, in the manner established by law.

Article 9

     Constituent and legislative power is vested in the National Assembly.

     The Republic of Serbia is represented and its State unity symbolized by the President of the Republic.

     Executive power is vested in the Government. Judicial power is vested in the courts of law. The protection of constitutionality, as well as the protection of legality, in accordance with the Constitution, is vested in the Constitutional Court.

Article 10

     The work of State agencies shall be open to the public. The publicity of work of the State agencies may be restricted or precluded only in cases provided by law.

 

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